Neurological conditions can be difficult, for both the patient and the care providers. Hydrotherapy is known to have effects that alleviate some of the symptoms. It can be useful when dealing with certain conditions, but only as part of a more comprehensive treatment strategy.
Working with other rehabilitation techniques, neurological patients gain many benefits from hydrotherapy. In general, they experience reduced muscle spasms and can slowly improve their physical strength, which degrades in some conditions.
The warm water helps reduce stiffness in the joints and normalises the overall tone. The improved circulation also promotes muscle relaxation, relieving any pain. This can help when dealing with conditions that cause difficulty moving and chronic bouts of pain.
Water is also a safe environment which allows flexibility. The variability of resistance by adjusting the depth allows a person to ease into dealing with the full pressure of being on land. At the same time, it also allows them to increase the strength of their muscles and joints gradually.
Buoyancy in the water also helps facilitate stretching. It also offers a safety net that minimises risk for patients while regaining their sense of balance and walking. Finally, buoyancy also decreases the weight that bears down on the joints, allowing for better performance and rehabilitation.
Hydrotherapy can help with multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, Parkinson’s disease, and Guillain-Barre syndrome. It is also useful in recovering in the aftermath of trauma to the brain and cerebrovascular accidents, better known as strokes.
The best way to use hydrotherapy is alongside an on-land strategy. In particular, the characteristics of water allow for a more gradual transition.
Warm water environments are more effective at preventing soft tissue contractures and stiffness in the joints. The buoyancy allows for better muscle activity and development of motor control. A gradual transition also improves strength, endurance, functionality, and independence.