Cardiovascular and pulmonary conditions may also be alleviated or treated using hydrotherapy. In particular, patients with chronic diseases may experience the most benefits from hydrotherapy.
The use of a hydrotherapy pool as treatment or rehabilitation is usually for specific conditions. The typical cardiovascular or pulmonary conditions that may call for water-based treatment include heart failure and angina.
Other conditions that may benefit include recovering from a heart attack, rehabilitation after heart or lung surgery, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Hydrotherapy is also useful for anyone who cannot exercise on land. This includes anyone who is unable to support their physical weight due to injury, or those who suffer from pain when attempting to move. In many cases, this is due to a combination of various factors.
Osteoarthritis patients, those with rheumatoid arthritis, recovering from surgery, and lower back pain can all benefit.
Those who have had recent lower limb injuries can also use hydrotherapy to exercise without fear that the pain will keep them from a full range of motion.
Hydrotherapy can be utilised as part of a recovery or rehabilitation plan. The water provides an environment that offers unique support elements, as well as a more relaxed venue. Multiple medical conditions can benefit from these properties, the least of which is a reduction in pain.
Using the properties of water, hydrotherapy can help improve someone’s exercise tolerance. As the body gets better at physical exertion, instances of dyspnoea are reduced. The quality of life improves, muscles grow stronger, and patients become better equipped to move about.
Hydrotherapy has many advantages, owing to the properties of the water.
The water offers greater temperature control. It can be heated to relax the muscles and reduce spasms. Warm water also reduces pain and improves circulation.
The buoyancy also gives the body better support. The stress on load-bearing sections of the body is reduced, lowering the pain those areas. Exercise takes less effort, easing the transition required to get back to a full range of motion.